最新国防局备忘录将对美国移民系统带来巨大变化

国土安全部秘书约翰·凯利本周发布了两份备忘录,执行川普总统关于边境安全 border security (memo-1) 和 境内执法 interior enforcement (memo-2) 的行政命令。除了川普总统承诺建造的边界墙以外,我们在未来几个月可能会看到大规模的执法行为,并扩大拘留和加速递解出境的过程。

以下是我总结的几点:

  1. 国土安全部(DHS)将试图驱逐任何“对公共安全或国家安全构成威胁”的人,但DHS没有明确定义这两个术语,理论上讲,DHS可以说某人是“公共安全隐患”,即使他或者他没有因犯罪被起诉或被定罪。
  2. DHS将重点关注那些(1)已被定罪或甚至被指控犯有刑事犯罪,这其中可能包括只受到过轻微交通违规的无证移民,(2)滥用任何与接受公共福利相关的计划,包括获得任何政府援助,如果你在美国没有身份但享受过政府福利,你可能面临一定风险,(3)如果你在和政府机构打交道有任何的欺诈或故意的失实陈述,包括使用虚假的社安号码在工作的I-9表格上对你的移民身份撒谎。
  3. 国土安全部备忘录还说,将延长加速遣返期限。从2周扩大到2年,并取消了移民在边境100英里内被捕的要求。现在来说, 如果你是新到美国两年以内,都有可能加速遣返。加速遣返的人不会通过遣返程序,涉及在移民法官面前举行听证会。所以说,我建议大家保持两(2)年的在美国生活的记录,以便您不被加速遣返。
  4. 对没有美国签证或没有资格获得签证的人来说, 之前当局允许使用的假释过程将受到极大的限制。
  5. 国土安全部将寻求遣返所有无证外国到达者,包括无人陪伴的儿童。如果他们从毗邻美国的外国土地进入,当局会把他们送回他们来到的地方。这意味着,不论他们的国籍,如果他们从墨西哥进入,DHS将返回他们到墨西哥。
  6. DHS将雇用另外10,000名移民执法官员。我们很可能在全国看到更多的驱逐出境和拘留。
  7. DHS希望扩大继续并增加州和地方执法机构在边境地区的参与,从而帮助移民执法

Maya King 律师事务所将随时通知您美国移民制度的最新变化。如果您或您的家人需要任何建议或帮助,请致电(913)717-7112 与我们联系,免费咨询。

DHS Memos Bring Huge Changes to the U.S. Immigration System

Department of Homeland Security Secretary, John Kelly, releases two memorandums this week implementing President’s Trump’s executive orders on border security (memo-1) and interior enforcement (memo-2). Besides the border wall President Trump promised to build, we will likely to see massive enforcement effort in the upcoming months and scaled up detention and expedited removal.

Below are some of points I summarized:

  1. DHS seeks to deport anyone who “poses a risk to public safety or national security.” However, DHS did not define these two terms clearly. Theoretically speaking, DHS could label someone being “a risk to public safety” even if (s)he is not charged or convicted for a crime.
  2. DHS will focus on undocumented immigrants who have been (1) convicted or even charged with a criminal offense, including minor traffic infractions, (2) abused any program related to receipt of public benefits, i.e. received any government assistance, or (3) “have engaged in fraud or willful misrepresentation in connection with any official matter before a governmental agency”, including using fake Social Security numbers to work or lie on I-9 forms.
  3. DHS memos expanded the period of expedited removal from 2 weeks to 2 years after people enter the country, and eliminated the requirement that the immigrants be caught within 100 miles of the border. People in expedited removal will not go through the removal proceedings, which involve a hearing before an immigration judge. It is extremely important to keep records of two (2) year presence so you are not put in expedited removal.
  4. The use of parole authority to allow immigrants, who are not in possession of visas or not eligible for visas, to come to the U.S. will be extremely restricted.
  5. DHS seeks to return aliens, including unaccompanied children, who entered from a foreign land contiguous to the U.S. to where they arrived, meaning if they entered from Mexico, DHS will return them to Mexico, regardless of their nationality.
  6. DHS will hire an additional 10,000 ICE agents and officers to carry out enforcement priorities. We will likely to see more deportation and detention nationwide.
  7. DHS wants expand to continue and increase state and local law enforcement involvement in border areas, so they can aid in immigration enforcement.

The Law Office of Maya King will keep you informed about the newest changes in the complicated U.S. immigration system. If you or your family needs any advice or help, please call us at (913) 717-7112 for a free consultation.

 

“BRIDGE法案”希望可以临时保护某些美国无证人群

过去几个星期中,我们看到很多引入的法律和行政命令,并不是那么移民友善。非美国公民现在特别担心他们在这个国家的未来。这其中最困惑的人群可能就是美国75万名儿童到达延迟行动(DACA)方案的参与者。

2017年1月12日,参议院和众议院分别提出了一项名为“梦想和经济增长的移民”的法案或“BRIDGE法案”。【S 128】17021434 和 【H.R. 496】17021433。 “BRIDGE法案”授权美国国土安全部长,给予长达三年的临时保护存在状态。这个外国人必须符合以下条件 –

(1)1981年6月15日后出生;

(2)在达到16岁之前进入美国;

(3)在2007年6月15日和申请提交日之内,必须一致居住在美国,;

(4)于2012年6月15日和申请提交日之日,必须身处美国;

(5)2012年6月15日这一天在美国没有合法身份;

(6)在外国人提出临时保护存在申请的时候,必须

  • (A)在学校或在教育计划中注册,协助学生根据州法律或通过普通教育发展考试或其他国家授权的考试获得正规高中文凭或其公认的同等学历;
  • (B)已毕业或取得高中毕业证书;
  • (C)取得一般教育发展证书; 或者
  • (D)是美国海岸警卫队或武装部队的荣誉退役军人;

(7)这个外国人必须并无被裁定─

  • (A)重罪;
  • (B)重大轻罪; 或者
  • (C)三个或以上的轻罪,除非在同一日期或者是由于同一行为产生的,以及

(8)不会对国家安全或对公共安全的威胁构成威胁。

临时保护存在状态看起来与DACA非常相似(除了几个字的变化)。符合DACA资格的人必须:

(1)在2012年6月15日时,年龄在31岁以下;

(2)在到达16岁生日之前来到美国;

(3)自2007年6月15日以来,一直居住在美国,直到现在;

(4)2012年6月15日,在向美国移民局提出审议延期诉讼请求时,实际在美国居住;

(5)2012年6月15日无合法身份;

(6)目前在学校,已毕业或获得高中毕业证书,已获得普通教育发展(GED)证书,或是美国海岸警卫队或武装部队的荣誉退役军人;和;

(7)未被判定犯有重罪,重大轻罪或三个或更多其他轻罪,并且不以其他方式对国家安全或公共安全构成威胁。

如果给予临时保护存在状态,移民局则不认为外国人在美国非法存在。目前这项法案是否会通过参议院和众议院尚不明确。即使通过,最终的文本会是怎样也很难掌控。

“Bar Removal of Immigrants Who Dream and Grow the Economy” or the “BRIDGE Act” Introduces Provisional Protected Presence

Bar Removal of Immigrants Who Dream and Grow the Economy

We have seen a lot of legislations and executive orders being introduced in the past few weeks that are not so immigrant-friendly. Non-U.S. citizen are particularly worried about their future in this country. Among the concerned and confused are the 750,000 participants of the Deferred Action of Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program.

On January 12, 2017, the Senate and the House of Representatives separately introduced a bill called “Bar Removal of Immigrants Who Dream and Grow the Economy” or the “BRIDGE Act” [S. 128] (17021434) and [H.R. 496] (17021433). The BRIDGE Act authorizes the Secretary of Homeland Security to grant provisional protected presence for three (3) years. Provisional protected presence is granted if the alien—

(1) was born after June 15, 1981;

(2) entered the United States before attaining 16 years of age;

(3) continuously resided in the United States between June 15, 2007, and the date on which the alien files an application under this section;

(4) was physically present in the United States on June 15, 2012, and on the date on which the alien files an application under this section;

(5) was unlawfully present in the United States on June 15, 2012;

(6) on the date on which the alien files an application for provisional protected presence—

  • (A) is enrolled in school or in an education program assisting students in obtaining a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent under State law, or in passing a general educational development exam or other State-authorized exam;
  • (B) has graduated or obtained a certificate of completion from high school;
  • (C) has obtained a general educational development certificate; or
  • (D) is an honorably discharged veteran of the Coast Guard or Armed Forces of the United States;

(7) has not been convicted of—

  • (A) a felony;
  • (B) a significant misdemeanor; or
  • (C) three or more misdemeanors not occurring on the same date and not arising out of the same act, omission, or scheme of misconduct; and

(8) does not otherwise pose a threat to national security or a threat to public safety.

Provisional protected presence looks extremely similar to DACA (except for a few word changes). A person qualifies for DACA is he or she:

(1) Was under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012;

(2) Came to the United States before reaching 16th birthday;

(3) Has continuously resided in the United States since June 15, 2007, up to the present time;

(4) Was physically present in the United States on June 15, 2012, and at the time of making your request for consideration of deferred action with USCIS;

(5) Had no lawful status on June 15, 2012;

(6) Is currently in school, have graduated or obtained a certificate of completion from high school, have obtained a general education development (GED) certificate, or are an honorably discharged veteran of the Coast Guard or Armed Forces of the United States; and;

(7) Has not been convicted of a felony, significant misdemeanor,or three or more other misdemeanors, and do not otherwise pose a threat to national security or public safety.

If granted Provisional protected presence, the alien is not considered to be unlawfully present in the United States.

在美国参军但是基础训练一直被延迟怎么办?

在 INA§329 的军队公民申请计划下,MAVNI登记员已经在现役,但BCT的日期被延迟或取消,也可以有资格入籍。换句话说,只要服役一天就可以使得外国国民有资格入籍。我们的办公室已成功帮助许多MAVNI受训人争取到必要的公民文书。如果您的BCT延迟,您可能仍有资格成为美国公民。请致电913-717-7112了解您的选项。

American Immigration Lawyers Association: Targeted ICE Enforcement Actions Underway

American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) reported that “ICE has once again commenced targeted enforcement actions by reinstituting ‘Operation Cross Check’.” Arrests, raids, inspections are being reported across the country.

President Trump’s Executive Order on interior enforcement could potentially affect a broad range of individuals.

Currently, AILA reports the ICE targeted operations are focused on three populations:

  1. Fugitives – Anyone with an outstanding order of removal;
  2. Individuals who reentered the U.S. after they were deported;
  3. At large “criminal aliens” – Anyone with any criminal conviction, mainly violent crimes, sex offenders, prior felonies, etc.

If you or your loved ones are caught up in the ICE sweep, you need a competent and experienced immigration attorney to guide you through the complex immigration system. Call 913-717-7112 today for a free consultation.

美国移民律师协会(AILA)报告说,移民海关执法(ICE)已通过恢复行动交叉检查. ICE再次开始有针对性的执法行动。 川普总统关于内部执行的行政命令可能会有广泛影响涉及很多移民或者非法移民。据报道,美国全国各地都有逮捕,快速突击检查,和实地视察。

目前,美国移民律师协会报告移民海关执法的目标行动的重点是三种人群:

  1. 逃犯 – 任何有递解令在身的人;
  2. 在被驱逐出境后重新入境的人;
  3. 任何有刑事纪录的移民以及非移民,主要是暴力犯罪行为,性侵罪犯,有重罪在身的人群

如果你或你的亲人被困在移民监狱中,你需要一个经验丰富的移民律师来指导你完成复杂的美国移民法律系统。 致电913-717-7112 | 免费咨询。

Happy Spring Lantern Festival 元宵节快乐

The Lantern Festival is celebrated on the 15th day of the first Chinese lunar month. It marks the end of the Chinese New Year period. The most important and prevalent customs are enjoying lanterns, guessing riddles, and eating tangyuan (rice balls).

元宵节是第一个农历月的第15天。 这标志着农历新年的结束。 最重要和最普遍的习俗是观赏灯笼,猜灯谜,吃汤圆。

我们希望每个人的新年都红红火火,欣欣向上。