总统最新禁令将暂缓工作签证的个人入境美国

工签美国入境禁令

川普总统新公告概述了对外国工人临时签证的一些新限制。总统说冠状病毒对美国的经济冲击很大,迫使移民局不得不采取更多措施来保护美国人的工作。新公告最重要的一点是:至少要等到2021年一月份,很多访问学者以及各种工人都将被禁止来美国。新公告禁止了一下人群入境美国:

  1. H-1B 或 H-2B 签证,以及随行的家属;
  2. 实习生,访问学者互惠生或暑期工作旅行计划的范围内的 J 签证,以及随行家属;和
  3. L 签证,以及随行家属。

被禁人群不包括治疗新冠病人的医疗人员或进行新冠研究以帮助美国抗击新冠的研究人员。该公告将禁止目前在美国境外的和尚未获得有效的签证的个人。

该公告不适用于美国绿卡持有者以及美国公民配偶或子女。另外,对美国食品供应链至关重要的临时劳工或服务的个人也被豁免。

新公告立即生效直到2020年12月31日到期。这项禁令实际意义是什么? 我们建议所有拿着 OPT的,已经申请 H-1b 的小伙伴们目前不要出入境。如果这中间有衔接失误必须要到境外 stamping,也需要重修考虑是否值得返校修课指导明年开春为止。

Can’t Travel, Visa Expires, What Do I Do Now?

A lot of people stuck abroad have experienced panicking moments in the past two weeks when flights are cancelled and borders are closed due to the #COVID-19 shutdown. In March, 2020, the U.S. Department of State announced that immigrant (IV) and nonimmigrant visa (NIV) appointments at ALL Consulates are suspended due to coronavirus. Many countries are also restricting exiting and entering in order to control spread of the pandemic.
So what does this mean when my visa expires? 
These travel restrictions have made family unity and returning to work difficult, if not impossible. Employers are now in the dark with no specific return date for their valued employees and facing uncertainties as to their future needs. Since many visas have a maximum period allowed pursuant to regulation, consular officers do not have the authority to extend visa validity. However, the consular may be able to re-print a visa once travel becomes possible.
Consulates are able to re-issue a new visa provided that all supporting documents, such as police certificates, medical examinations, etc., have not expired. If the supporting documents have expired,  the applicant will be required to obtain new copies prior to the re-issuance of the new visa. Applicants will have to contact the consulate for the re-issuance and different consulate has different procedures. 
For people who are stuck in the U.S. either on valid visas or during grace period, but are not able to leave the U.S. to return to their home countries, options are also limited. Many have applied to extend or change their status using the Form I-539, but this also comes with a hefty fee. Others are banking on the fact that a brief overstay won’t be too problematic if it is limited to 180 days.
The American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) has filed a complaint against USCIS calling for the immediate suspension of immigration benefit deadlines and the maintenance of status for nonimmigrants in the U.S. in light of the pandemic, urging USCIS to extend its filing deadlines so that lawfully present foreign nationals in the United States can maintain status during the pandemic.
While we wait for the outcome of this lawsuit, we urge everyone to stay tuned and take care of yourselves. 

COVID 19 – Unemployment Benefits for Immigrant Workers

immigrant’s eligibility for unemployment benefits and consequences on green cards

Question: Do I, as an immigrant, qualify for unemployment benefits if the coronavirus (COVID-19) causes me losing my job?

Answer: Yes, however, immigrant workers must satisfy the same requirements for #unemployment. You must be unemployed due to no fault of your own, and you must have earned enough wages or worked enough hours in your “base period” to qualify. If you are currently employed or if you quit, then you are not eligible for unemployment benefits.  If your employer offers sick leave to address COVID-19 in lieu of layoffs, you cannot quit on your own volition to get unemployment benefits. If an employer shuts down operations temporarily and no work is available, you are eligible for unemployment.

Question: If I cannot go to work because I quarantined myself, can I get unemployment?

Answer: MaybeIf your employer allows you to work remotely and you choose not to accept that work, you are not qualify. If the employer requires you to stay home but did not offer work from home, then you might be eligible for benefits.

Question: How much is unemployment?

Answer: Depends on your state law and the reason why you cannot go to work. In addition, Pandemic Federal Unemployment Compensation  allows an additional  $600 on top of weekly unemployment benefits for up to four (4) months, not to exceed July 31, 2020.

Question: Does unemployment benefits hurt my green card #adjustment of status application in the future?

Answer: USCIS does not consider “unemployment” in the public charge inadmissibility determination because they are considered earned benefits through the person’s employment. Unemployment is a type of insurance that employers pay into. This isn’t taxpayer money, so it does not affect your green card.

Question: If I am undocumented, do I get #unemployment benefits?

Answer: If you are undocumented, chances are you do not have valid employment authorization or valid SSN, then you are not eligible for unemployment benefits.

Question: I applied for work authorization extension and have not yet received my new work card, can I get unemployment benefits?

Answer: If you have proof that you have applied for an extension, you might allowed to receive benefits. 

File unemployment with the Missouri Department of Labor here.

File unemployment with the Kansas Department of Labor here.

USCIS Service Fee Change Show 21 Percent Increase

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) proposes to adjust USCIS fees by an increase of 21 percent. Read the federal regulation here DHS claims that current USCIS fees leaves the agency a shortfall of $1.3 billion per year and the fee increase is necessary to recover the full operating costs.

USCIS says it has conducted small entity analysis based on a representative sample of the impacted population, The new rules introduce form changes as well as several new forms.

The most important forms with a fee increase are as follows:

Form No. Form Title Current Fee Proposed Fee Difference
I-130 Petition for Alien Relative $535 $555 $20
I-131 Application for Travel Document $575 $585 $10
I-131 Travel Document for an individual age 16 or older $135 $145 $10
I-131 I-131 Refugee Travel Document for a child under the age of 16 $105 $115 $10
I-192 Application for Advance Permission to Enter as Nonimmigrant $930/585 $1,415 $830/ $485
I-212 Application for Permission to Reapply for Admission into the U.S. After Deportation or Removal $930 $1,040 $110
I-290B Notice of Appeal or Motion $675 $705 $30
I-360 Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant $435 $455 $20
I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status (certain applicants under the age of 14 years) $750 $1,120 $370
I-526 Immigrant Petition by Alien Entrepreneur $3,675 $4,015 $340
I-539 Application to Extend/Change Nonimmigrant Status $370 $400 $30
I-589 Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal $0 $50 $50
I-600 Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative $775 $810 $35
I-601 Application for Waiver of Grounds of Inadmissibility $930 $985 $55
I-601A Application for Provisional Unlawful Presence Waiver $630 $960 $330
I-751 Petition to Remove the Conditions of Residence $595 $760 $165
I-765 Application for Employment Authorization $410 $490 $80
I-821D Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (Renewal) $0 $275 $275
I-824 Application for Action on an Approved Application or Petition $465 $500 $35
I-829 Petition by Entrepreneur to Remove Conditions on Permanent Resident Status $3,750 $3,900 $150
I-924A Annual Certification of Regional Center $3,035 $4,470 $1,435
I-929 Petition for Qualifying Family Member of a U-1 Nonimmigrant $230 $1,515 $1,285
N-300 Application to File Declaration of Intention $270 $1,320 $1,050
N-336 Request for a Hearing on a Decision in Naturalization Proceedings $700 $1,755 $1,055
N-400 Application for Naturalization $640 $1,170 $530
N-470 Application to Preserve Residence for Naturalization Purposes $355 $1,600 $1,245

This may prove to have significant financial consequences for several groups, including people who have previously been removed from the U.S. and is eligible to re-enter the U.S. (an $830 increase in fees), U visa family members (an $1,285 increase to qualify as U-1), people who seek to naturalize as U.S. citizens (a $530 increase) people whose naturalization have been denied and are seeking review (a $1,055 increase). We recommend that if you are eligible for the above filings, we need to get them in as soon as possible.

Forms that will becomes cheaper are as following:

Form No. Form Title Current Fee Proposed Fee Difference
I-90 Application to Replace Permanent Resident Card $455 $415 -$40
I-129F Petition for Alien Fiancé(e) $535 $520 -$15
I-140 Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker $700 $545 -$155
I-191 Application for Relief Under Former Section 212(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) $930 $800 -$130
I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status $1,140 $1,120 -$20
N-600 Application for Certification of Citizenship $1,170 $1,015 -$155
N-600K Application for Citizenship and Issuance of Certificate Under Section 322 $1,170 $960 -$210
N-565 Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document $555 $545 -$10
  USCIS Immigrant Fee (consular processing green card fee) $220 $200 -$20
  Biometric Services Fee $85 $30 -$55
  Dishonored Payments (Returned Check Fee) $30 $0 -$30
I-910 Application for Civil Surgeon Designation $785 $650 -$135
I-817 Application for Family Unity Benefits $600 $590 -$10

The deceased fees, comparing to the increases, are minimal. In addition, DHS is proposing to separate Form I-129, Petition for a Nonimmigrant Worker, into several forms, including the following:

Form No. Form Title Current Fee Proposed Fee Difference
I-129CW (Proposed) Petition for a CNMI-Only Nonimmigrant Transitional Worker $460 $705 $245
I-129E&TN (Proposed) Application for Nonimmigrant Worker: E or TN Classification $460 $705 $245
I-129H1 (Proposed) Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker: H-1 Classification $460 $560 $100
I-129H2A (Proposed) Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker: H-2A Classification $460 $860 (named); $425 (unnamed) $400 (named)
I-129H2B (Proposed) Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker: H-2B Classification $460 $725 (named); $395 (unnamed) $265 (named)
I-129L (Proposed) Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker: L Classification $460 $815 $355
I-129MISC (Proposed) Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker: H-3, P, Q, or R Classification $460 $705 $245
I-129O (Proposed) Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker: O Classification $460 $715 $255

If you have any reliefs pending and need assistance, we recommend everyone take the opportunities now.

EAD Automatic Extensions for Six TPS-Countries

El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua, and Sudan TPS EAD extension

DHS is automatically extending TPS Employment Authorization Documents (EADs) validity listed for El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua, and Sudan through January 4, 2021. These EADs should have category code of A-12 or C-19. Read the automatic extension notice here.

What is TPS?

TPS is a temporary immigration benefit for certain countries suffering from on-going armed conflict, environmental disaster, or other extraordinary and temporary conditions. It allows qualified individuals in the U.S. to stay here for a limited time period as ordered by the President. 

What are my rights at work?

Persons covered by TPS can receive the Employment Authorization Documents (EAD). TPS workers, like everyone else, have the right to provide their choice of valid documentation to demonstrate their identity and work authorization. An employer that treats TPS workers differently in the employment eligibility verification process (Form I-9 and E-Verify) based on the worker’s citizenship status or national origin may violate anti-discrimination laws.

Blanket Extension

When the government extends a country’s TPS,  USCIS sometimes issues a blanket extension of all expiring EADs for that country, to allow time for USCIS to issue new EADs. Such extension can be found here. If USCIS automatically extends your EAD, you do not have to show an I-797C with your EAD to keep working. An employer should not  ask for additional documentation to prove employment eligibility.

Renewal Application

If the government does not issue a blanket extension for TPS EADs, a TPS worker can apply for a renewal EAD, the worker can present the current TPS EAD with the I-797C receipt notice showing that USCIS received the EAD renewal application. This document combination is valid for 180 days after the original EAD expiration date, and are valid for employment eligibility verification purposes. 

USCIS Begins Premium Processing on May 20, 2019

Premium processing for Fiscal Year 2020 cap-subject H-1B petitioners requesting a change of status (i.e. F-1 to H-1) will begin on May 20, 2019. If you did not request premium processing with the H-1b petition, you can still request it after May 20.

For all other FY2020 H-1B cap-subject petitions (i.e. consulate process), it will begin in June 2019 or later. USCIS now engages in a two-phased approach.

Premium processing for H-1B cap-exempt petitions, such as extension of stay requests, remains available.

川普政府移民新规 – 大力度缩紧移民享受联邦公共福利

川普政府国土安全部的移民新规, 如果发现申请签证人员或者移民申请者有在过去享受过或者将来有可能申请公共福利,如 federal safety net programs (医疗补助计划,食品券,和住房券),这些人将没有权利申请美国签证或者绿卡。

根据移民政策研究所对人口普查数据的分析,美国有数百万移民使用这些计划,该组织估计,如果该规则最终确定,将有31%的非公民受到影响。那些申请加入美国国籍的人也将面临更加严格的背景审查。该规则将会对移民社区产生重大影响。目前来说,很难确切知道有多少移民最终被拒绝获得绿卡或签证。

合法移民:有资格获得公共福利的合法移民将越来越难以获得绿卡。对某些人来说,可能会导致他们被驱逐出境。

新移民:申请美国移民签证的移民将面临更严峻的考验。根据现行政策,只有主要依赖政府援助的移民才被视为享受公共福利而背否决移民绿卡,但新规将大大拓宽该定义。这条新规则可能阻止许多移民因害怕失去有效身份而放弃他们需要的公共福利。

川普政府认为这一新规将促进移民的自给自足。国土安全部部长指出,“那些寻求移民美国的人必须表明他们可以在经济上支持自己。”

新规目前不包括CHIP (为低收入儿童提供健康保险)。目前来说,新规不会被追溯适用 – 新规仅适用于在实施后享用福利移民。另外来说,有一定的人群将不被影响, 包括:难民和寻求庇护者,以及 移民可以为其美国公民子女获得福利而不受处罚。

如果你在申请移民身份变更,签证延期,或者想要考取美国公民,你需要了解自己收否有享受过联邦福利以及这项福利会不会造成长久的移民影响。

Se requiere firma: si se está entregando su tarjeta verde, EAD o documento de viaje

Los solicitantes deben presentar una identificación para firmar sus documentos en el momento de la entrega.

USCIS anunció que comenzará a utilizar el servicio de entrega restringida de confirmación de firma del Servicio Postal de EE. UU. Para enviar tarjetas verdes y otros documentos seguros a partir del 30 de abril de 2018. Para rastrear la entrega de su tarjeta verde, autorización de empleo Document (EAD) y Travel Document, debe inscribirse en la administración de casos en línea del USCIS: https://egov.uscis.gov/casestatus/landing.do

Los solicitantes deben presentar una identificación para firmar sus documentos en el
momento de la entrega. Los solicitantes pueden inscribirse en la entrega informada de
USPS para recibir notificaciones de estado de entrega (https://informeddelivery.usps.com/). Los solicitantes también tendrán
la opción de organizar la recogida en una oficina de correos en una fecha y hora
conveniente yendo al sitio web de USPS y seleccionando “hold for
pickup.”

La primera consulta es gratis 913-800-1297. Estas lidiendo con un problema de inmigracion la abogada Maya King ayuda individuos, familiares, negocios, navejar el complejo sistema de inmigracion de los estados unidos. Las citas realizaran en persona o por telefono. Las citas en persona se realizaran ya en la oficina de Kansas City. 

Signature Required: If Your Green Card, EAD, or Travel Document is Being Delivered

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced it will begin using U.S. Postal Service’s (USPS) Signature Confirmation Restricted Delivery service to mail Green Cards and other secure documents beginning April 30, 2018. In order to track delivery of your Green Card, Employment Authorization Document (EAD), and Travel Document, you have to sign up for USCIS’ online case management: https://egov.uscis.gov/casestatus/landing.do

Applicants must present identification to sign for their documents upon delivery. Applicants can sign up for USPS Informed Delivery to receive delivery status notifications. Applicants will also have the option to arrange for pickup at a post office at a convenient date and time by going to the USPS website and selecting “hold for pickup.”

自从2018年4月30日起,美国公民和移民服务局(USCIS)宣布将开始使用美国邮政服务局(USPS)签名确认限制送达服务邮寄绿卡和其他安全文件。为了跟踪您的绿卡, 工卡(EAD)和旅行证件的递送情况,您必须注册USCIS的在线案例管理: https://egov.uscis.gov/casestatus/landing.do

申请人必须出示身份证明以在交付时签署文件。 申请人可以注册 USPS 交付以接收送达状态通知。 申请人还可以选择在方便的日期和时间在邮局安排取件,方法是前往USPS网站并选择 “hold for pickup”。

I-765工卡处理时间长达五个月

亲属绿卡的工卡以及所有“其他”申请类别的工卡都超过五个月以上

加利福尼亚州,内布拉斯加州,德克萨斯州和佛蒙特州服务中心的最新处理时间报告(表示2017年10月31日的处理时间)显示大于五个月的工卡申请的处理时间。 除了基于待决庇护的工卡申请,所有其他类型的工卡现在都非常的慢。

亲属绿卡的工卡以及所有“其他”申请类别的工卡都超过五个月以上。每个服务中心表示正在处理截至2017年8月1日的案件。

这样平均超过150天的处理时间是很有问题的。由于这些漫长的处理时间,许多人报告他们已经失去了工作或者有可能失业。要求“加速处理”的请求如果已经提交给了NCSC,通常不会给予裁决。

美国公民及移民服务局的理由是它们收到了太多的I-765工卡申请。无论是更新还是第一次申请的工卡,移民局都是统一处理,先来先得。